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Money Laundering (Prohibition) Act

No 7 of 2003

Laws of the Federation of Nigeria

 

 


Arrangement of Sections


 

1.

Limitation to make or accept cash payment

2.

Duty to report international transfer of funds and securities

3.

Regulations of over the counter exchange transaction

4.

Duties incumbent upon casino

5.

Identification of a customer

6.

Special surveillance on certain transaction

7.

Preservation of record

8.

Communication of information

9.

Arousing awareness among employees of financial institutions

10.

Mandatory disclosure by financial institutions

11.

Liability of directors, etc. of Financial ,Institutions, etc

12.

Surveillance of bank accounts, etc

13.

Determination of flow of transactions, 'etc

14.

Money laundering offences

15.

Other offence

16.

Retention of proceeds of criminal conduct

17.

Conspiracy of aiding, etc

18.

Offences by a body corporate

19.

Trial of offences 1999

20.

Power to demand and obtain records etc

21.

Obstruction of the Agency or authorized officers

22.

Repeal of section 13, Cap. 253 LFN 1990

23.

Repeal, etc. of1995, No.3

24.

Interpretation

25.

Short title

 

 

 

 

 

 


Money Laundering (Prohibition) Act

No 7 of 2003

Laws of the Federation of Nigeria

 



An Act To Repeal The Money Laundering Act, 1995 No 3 And Enact A New Money Laundering Act; And For Related Matters
 


24th day of May 2003

 

Enacted by the National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria-
 


Part I

Prohibition Of Money Laundering

 

1.             (1) No person or body corporate shall make or accept cash payment of a sum exceeding-
(a) N500,000 or its equivalent, in the case of an individual, or
(b) N2,000,000.00 (Two million Naira) or its equivalent, in the case of a body corporate,
except in a transaction through a financial institution.

2.                   (1) A transfer to or from a foreign country of funds or securities of a sum exceeding $10,000 or its                         equivalent shall be reported to the Central Bank of Nigeria (in this Act referred to as "the Central Bank").
(2) A report made under subsection (1) of this section shall indicate the nature and amount of the transfer, and the names and addresses of the sender and receiver of the funds or securities.

3.                   (1) A person whose usual business is to undertake over-the-counter exchange transactions or a financial institution shall-

       (a)    before the commencement of business, submit to the Central Bank a declaration
of his or its activity ;
(b) prior to any transaction involving a sum exceeding $5,000 or its equivalent, identify the customer by requiring him to fill a standard data form and present his international passport, driving license, national identity card or such other document bearing his photograph as may be prescribed by the Central Bank or the appropriate regulatory authority ;
(c) record all transactions under this section in chorological order, indicating each customer's surname, forenames, and address in a register numbered and initialed by an officer authorized by the Central Bank for that purpose;


(2) A register kept under subsection (1 )(c) of this section shall be preserved for at least 10 years after the last transaction recorded in the register.

(3) Any person or financial institution that fails to comply with the requirements of customer identification and the submission of returns on such transactions as
 specified in this Act within 7 days from the date of the transaction commits an offence and is liable on conviction-

(a)   in the case of an individual to a fine ofN25,000 for each day during which the
offence continues;

(b)   in the case of a bank or financial institution, to a fine of N l,000,000 for each
day during which the offence continues;-

(c)   to the revocation of its license as a bank or financial institution or the withdrawal
by the Central Bank of the authorized dealer's license. 4.-A casino shall-

(a) verify the identity of a gambler who buys, brings into exchanges chips or tokens, by requiring the gambler to present an authentic document bearing his names and address; ;

(b)   record all transactions under this section in chronological order indicating-

        (i) the nature and amount involved in each transaction, and
(ii) each gambler's surname, forenames and address,
in a register numbered initiated by an officer authorized by the Federal Ministry
of Commerce for that purpose.

        (2)    A register kept under subsection (1) (b) of this section be preserved for at
        least 10 years after the last transaction recorded in the register.

 

5.    (1)   A financial institution shall verify its customer's identity and address before opening an account for, issuing a passbook to , entering

                into a fiduciary transaction with, renting.. safe deposit box to or establishing any business relationship with the customer.

 

(2)     An individual shall be required to provide proof of his-


(a) identity, by, resenting to the financial institution a valid original copy of an
official document bearing his names and photograph; (b) address, by presenting to the financial institution the originals of receipts
issued within the previous three months by public utilities.

 

(3)    A body corporate shall be required to provide proof of its identity by , presenting its certificate of incorporation and other valid official documents attesting i the existence of the body corporate.

 

(4)   The manager, employee or assignee delegated by a body corporate to open or operate. an account shall be required to produce not only the documents specified 1 in subsection (2) of this section, but also proof of the power of attorney granted to him i in that behalf.

 

(5)   A casual customer shall be identified in the same way as in subsection (2)0. this section for any transaction involving a sum exceeding 08$5,000 or its equivalent or for any number of transactions whose sum total exceed N500,000.00 if the total amount is known at the commencement of the transaction or as soon as it is known to exceed the sum ofUS$5,000 or its equivalent.

 

(6)   Where a financial institution :reasonably suspects that the amount involved in a: transaction is the proceeds of a crime or an illegal act, it shall require identification of the customer notwithstanding that the amount involved in the transaction is less than US$5,00O or its equivalent.

 

(7)   If it appears that a customer may not be acting on his own account, the financial institution shall seek from the customer by all reasonable means, information as to the true identity of the principal.

 

 

6.      (1)     When a financial institution is requested to carry out a transaction, whether or not it relates .to the laundering of the proceeds of a

                   crime or an act, the financial institution shall seek information from the customer as to the origin and the destination of the funds, the

                   aim of the 'transaction and the identity of the beneficiary.

 (2)     A financial institution shall within 7 days after the transaction referred to in subsection (l) of this section


            (a)  drawn up a written report containing all relevant information ,on the matters mentioned in subsection (1) of this section together with the identity of the principal and, where applicable, of the beneficiary ;

(b)    take appropriate action to prevent the laundering of the proceeds of a crime or an illegal act; and .

(c)    send a copy of the report ,and action taken to the Central Bank, the Commission, the Security and Exchange Commission or such other appropriate regulatory authority, as the case may be.

(3)   A financial institution winch fails to comply with the provisions of subsections (2) of this section commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of NI,000,000 for: each day during which offence continues.

 

 

7.    A financial institution shall preserve and keep at the disposal of the authorities specified in section 8 of this act

(a) the record of the customer's identification for a period of at least ten years after the closure of the accounts or: the severance of relations with 'the customer ; and

       
 (b) the record of transaction carried out by a customer and the report provided ~or in section 6 of this Act, for a period of at least ten years after carrying out the transaction or making of the result as the case may be.

8.     The records referred to the section 7 of this Act shall be communicated only to the Central Bank, the Nl;1tional Drug Law Enforcement

                 Agency (in this Act referred to as the Agency") judicial authorities, customs officers and such other persons as the Central Bank may, 

           from time to time, by order published in the Gazette, specify.
Special surveillance on certain transactions.
Preservation of records.
Communication of information.

 

 

9.     (I) Every financial institution shall develop programs to combat the laundering of the proceeds of a crime or other illega1 act, and these shall include- 

            (a) the designation of compliance officers at management level at its headquarters and at every branch and local office;
    (b) regular training program for its employees;
    (c) the centralization of the information collected; and
    (d) the establishment of an internal audit unit to ensure compliance with and ensure the effectiveness of the measures taken to  enforce the provisions of this Act.

 

(2)    Notwithstanding the provisions of this Act. the Governor of the Central Bank shall impose a penalty of not less than I million Naira or the suspension of any license issued on a financial institution for failure to comply with the provisions of , subsection (I) of this section.

 

10.     (I) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in any other law or enactment, a financial institution or Casino shall report to the Agency in

                    writing, within 7 days any single transaction, lodgment or transfer of funds in excess of


(a) NI,000,000 or its equivalent, in the case of an individual; and (b) 5 million Naira or its equivalent, in the case of a body corporate.

(2)    A person, other than a financial institution, may voluntarily give information on any transaction, lodgment or transfer of funds in excess of-


(a) 100,000 or its equivalent, in the case of an individual; and
(b) N5,000,000 or its equivalent, in the case of a body corporate.

 

(3)    The Agency shall acknowledge receipt of any disclosure, report or information received under this section and may demand such additional information as it may deem necessary.

(4)    The acknowledgement of receipt shall be sent to the financial institution within the time allowed for the transaction to be undertaken and it may be accompanied by a notice deferring the transaction for a period not exceeding 72 hours.

(5)     If the acknowledgment of receipt is not accompanied by a stop notice, or if, when the stop notice expires, the order specified in subsection (6) of this section to block the transaction has not reached the financial institution, the financial institution may carry out the transaction.

(6)    When it is not possible to ascertain the origin of the funds within the period of stoppage of the transaction, the Federal High Court may, at the request of the Agency, or other person or authority duly authorized in that behalf, order that the funds, accounts or securities referred to in the report be blocked.

Arousing awareness among employees of financial institution.
Mandatory disclosure by financial institution.

(7)    An order made by the Federal High Court under subsection (6) of this section shall be enforced forthwith.

 

11.   Where funds are blocked under section 10(6) of this Act and there is evidence of conspiracy with owner of the funds, the financial institution shall not be relieved of liability under this Act and criminal proceedings for all offences arising there from, may be brought against its director and employees involved in the conspiracy.

 

12.   (1) The Agency, pursuant to a Federal High Court Order obtained on a sworn declaration made by the Chairman of the Agency justifying the request, may in order to identify and locate narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, proceeds, property, objects or other things related to the Agency of an offence under this A -:t or the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission Act 2002 or any other Act or law-


(a) place any bank account or any other account comparable to a bank account under surveillance,
(b) tap any telephone line or place it under surveillance;
(c) obtain access to any computer system, and
(d) obtain communication of any authentic instrument or private contract, together with all bank, financial and commercial records, when the account, telephone line or computer system is used or reasonably suspected to have been used by any person suspected of taking "part in a transaction involving the proceeds, of a financial or other crime.
 

(2) Banking secrecy shall not be invoked as a ground for objecting to the measures set out in subsection (1) of this section or for 

               refusing to be witness to facts likely to constitute an offence under this Act or the National Drugs Law Enforcement Agency.

 (3) Notwithstanding the powers conferred on the Agency under subsection (1) of this section, the Agency and any other appropriate

                regulatory authority shall place any other account relating to such financial transactions specified in this Act under surveillance.

 

13.  The Agency shall, in consultation with the Central Bank and the Corporate Affairs Commission determine the flow of transactions and      the identities of beneficiaries under this Act, including the beneficiaries of individual accounts and of corporate accounts.

 

 

14.            (1) Any person who--


(a) converts or transfers resources or property derived directly or indirectly from illicit traffic in narcotic drugs or psychotropic
substances or any illegal act,. with the aim of either concealing or disguising the illicit origin of the resources or property, or aiding any person involved in the illicit traffic in narcotic drugs m: psychotropic substances or any other crime or illegal act to evade the legal consequences of his action; or Liability of directors, etc. of financial institution. Surveillance of bank         

(b) collaborates in concealing or disquising the genuine nature, origin, location, disposition, movement or ownership of the resources, property or rights thereto derived directly or indirectly from illicit traffic in narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances or any other crime or illegal act,
Commits an offence under this section and is liable on conviction/to imprisonment for a term of not less than 2 years or more than 3 years.


(2) A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) of this section shall be subject to the penalty specified in that subsection notwithstanding that the various acts constituting the offence were committed in different countries or places.


15.          (1) Without prejudice to the penalties provided for illicit traffic in narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances, the laundering of drug money or the proceeds of a crime or illegal act, any person who-


(a) being a director or employee of a financial institution warns or in any other way intimates the owner of the funds involved in the transaction referred to in section 10 of this Act about the report he is required to make or the action taken on it or who refrains from making the report as required under that section; or

(b) destroys or removes a register or record required to be kept under this act; or

(c) carries out or attempt under a false identity to carry out any of the transactions specified in sections 1 to 5 of this Act; or

(d) make or accepts cash payments exceeding the amount authorized under to be reported under this Act; or

(e) fails to report an international transfer of funds or securities required to  be reported under this Act; or

(f) being a director or an employee of a bureau de change, casino or other financial institution, contravenes the provisions of section 2, 3, 4, 5 or 10 of this Act; or commits an offence under this section.

(2) A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) of this section is liable on conviction-

(a) in the case of an offence under paragraphs (a) to (c) of subsection (1) to imprisonment for a term of not less than 2 years or more than 3 y;

(b) in the case of an offence under paragraphs (d) to (f), where the offender-

(i) is an individual to a  fine of not less than N250,000 or more than 1 million Naira or term of imprisonment of not less than 2  years or more than 3 years or to both fine and imprisonment; or

(ii) is a financial institution or any other body corporate to a fine of not less than N250,000 or more than N1,000,000.00 (1 million Naira)

(3) A person found guilty of an offence under this section may also be banned indefinitely or for a period of 5 years from exercising the profession, which provided the opportunity for the offence to be committed.

 

(4) A person found guilty of an offence under paragraph (d), (e) or (f) of subsection (1) of this section shall not be affected but the provisions of this section 18, 19,20 and 25 of the National Drugs Law Enforcement Agency Act.

 

(5) When, as a result of a serious oversight or a flaw in the internal control procedures, a financial institution or person designated in section 10 of this Act, fails to meet any of the obligations imposed on him or it by this Act, the disciplinary authority responsible for the financial institution, or the person's professional body may, in addition to any penalty in this Act take such disciplinary action against the financial institution or person as is   conformity with its professional and administrative regulation.

 

16. Any person who­­­-

 

(a) whether by concealment, removal from jurisdiction, transfer to nominees or otherwise retains the proceeds of   crime or an illegal act on behalf of another person knowing or suspecting other person to be engaged in a criminal conduct, or has benefited from a criminal conduct; or

 

(b) knowing that any property either in whole or in part directly or indirectly represents another person's proceeds of a criminal conduct, acquires or uses that property or has possession of it, commits an offence under this Act and is liable on conviction to imprisonment from a term of not less than 5 years or to a fine equivalent to 5 times the value of the proceeds of the criminal conducts or to both such imprisonment and fine.

 

17. A person who­-

 

(a) conspires with, aids, or abets counsels any other person to commit an offence; or

 

(b) attempts to commit or is an accessory to an actor offence, or

 

(c) incites, procures or induces any other person by any mean  whatsoever to commit an offence, under this Act, commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the same punishment as is prescribed for that offence under this Act.

 

18.      (1) Where an offence under this Act which has been committed by a body corporate is proved to have been committed on the instigation or with the connivance of or attributable to any neglect on the part of a director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate, or any person purporting to act in any such capacity, he, as well as the body corporate, where practicable, shall be deemed to be guilty of that offence" and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

 

(2) Where i1 body corporate is convicted of an offence under this Act, the court may order that the body corporate shall thereupon and without any further assurances, but for such order, be wound up and all its assets and properties forfeited to the Federal Government.

 

 

19.          (1) The Federal High Court shall have jurisdiction to try offences under this Act.

 

(2) The Federal High Court shall have power to impose the penalties provided under this Act.

 

(3) In any trial for an offence under this Act, the fact that an accused per on is in possession of pecuniary resources or property for which he cannot satisfactory account and which is disproportionate to his known sources of income, or that he had at or about the time of the alleged offence obtained an accretion to his pecuniary resources or property for which he cannot satisfactorily account, may be proved and may be

taken into consideration by the Federal High Court as corroborating the testimony of any witness in such trial.

 

20. For the purposes of this Act, the Director of Investigations or an officer of the Agency duly authorized in that behalf may demand, obtain and inspect the books and records of a financial institution to confirm compliance with the provisions of this Act.

 

 

21. A person who willfully obstructs the Agency or any authorized officer in the exercise of the power conferred on the Agency by this Act commits an offence and is liable on conviction­

 

(a) in the case of an individual, to imprisonment for a term of not less than 2 years or not exceeding 3 years;

 

(b) in the case of a financial institution or other body corporate, to a fine of 1 million Naira.

 

22. Section 13 of the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency Act is repealed.

 

23. The Money Laundering Act 1995 is hereby consequentially repealed.

 

24. The repeal of the Act specified in section (23) of this Act shall not affect anything done or purported to be done W1der or pursuant to the Act.

 

25. In this Act­

 

"Agency" means the National Drugs Law Enforcement Agency;

 

"Central Bank" means the Central Bank of Nigeria ;

 

"Transactions" means­

 

(a) acceptance of deposits and other repayable funds from the public;

 

(b) lending;

 

(c) financial leasing ;

 

(d) money transmission services;

 

(e) issuing and managing means of payment (for example, credit and debit cards, cheques, traveler’s cheques and bankers' drafts, etc.) ;

 

(j) financial guarantees acknowledgements

 

(g) trading for account of customers (spot, forward, swaps, futures, option,

etc.) in­

 

(i) money market instruments (cheques, bills, CDs etc.)

 

(ii) foreign exchange;

 

(iii) exchange, interest rate index instruments;

 

(iv) transferable securities;

 

(v) commodity futures trading;

 

(h) participation in capital market activities and the provisions of financial services related to such issues;

                (i) individual and collective portfolio management;

(j) safekeeping and administration of cash or liquid securities on behalf of clients;

                (k) life insurance and all other insurance related matters;

                (I) money changing;

 

"financial institution" includes any individual, body, association or group of persons, whether corporate or unincorporated which carries on the business of investment and securities, a discount house, finance company and money brokerage whose principal object includes factoring project financing equipment leasing, debt administration, fund management, private ledger services, investment management, local purchase order financing, export finance, project consultancy, financial consultance, pension fund management, insurance institutions, debt factorization and conversion firms, dealer, clearing and settlement companies, legal practitioners, hotels, casinos, bureau de change, supermarkets and such other businesses as the Central Bank or appropriate regulatory authorities may, from time to time, designate;

 

"over the counter exchange transaction" includes a financial investments and securities transaction processed through a bank without reference to a bank account or one that is normally carried out otherwise than in organised exchange market  and without any prescribed form.

 

26. This Act may be cited as the Money Laundering (Prohibition) Act 2003.

 

 

 

Date passed by Senate

22nd day of May 2003

Date passed by House of Representatives

22nd day of May 2003



 

I certify that this Bill has been carefully compared by me with the decision reached by the National Assembly and found by me to be true and correct decision of the Houses and is in accordance with the provisions of the Acts Authentication Act Cap.4, Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 1990.

 

 

Ibrahim Salim. CON

Clerk to the National Assembly
22nd day of May 2003

 

 

 

I Assent

 

Chief Olusegun Obasabjo. GCFR

President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria

24th day of May 2003

 

 

 

Editors Note

 

This Act was published in

Federal Republic of Nigeria
Official Gazette

 

No. 46                   Lagos - 22nd July, 2003                              Vol. 90


Government Notice No. 91

 

The following is published as Supplement to this Gazette

 

Act No Short Title Page
7

Money Laundering (Prohibition) Act

A 111-122

 

Printed and Published by The Federal Government Press, Lagos, Nigeria
FGP 172/82003/2,000(OL.74)