Administration of Justice Commission Decree
No 55 of 1991
Laws of the Federation of Nigeria
27th day of December 1991
The Federal Military Government hereby decrees as follows:-
1. There is hereby established a body to be known as the Administration of Justice Commission (hereafter in this Decree referred to as the Commission)
2.(1) The Commission shall consist of the Chief Justice of Nigeria Chairman and the following other members, that is-
(a)the Attorney General of the Federation
(b)the Minister of Internal Affairs;
(c)the Inspector General of Police;
(d)the Director of Prisons; and
(e)the President of the Nigerian Bar Association.
(2)The supplementary provisions contained in the Schedule to this Decree shall have effect with respect to the proceedings of the Commission and the other mattes mentioned therein.
3.(1) The Commission shall be charged with the general supervision of the administration of justice in Nigeria.
(2)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1) of this section, the Commission shall ensure that -
(a)the courts system in Nigeria is generally maintained and adequately financed.
(b)Judges and officers of the courts conform with the Code of Ethics of their office;
(c)criminal maters are speedily dealt with;
(d)congestion of cases in courts is drastically reduced;
(e)congestion in prisons is reduced to the barest minimum,
(f)persons awaiting trial are, as far as possible, not detained in prison custody;
(g)the relationship between the organs charged with responsibility for all aspects of the administration of justice is cordial and there exists maximum co-operation amongst the organs for effectiveness of the system of administration of justice in Nigeria.
4. There is hereby established in each State of the Federation a body to be known as the Administration of Justice Committee (hereafter in this Decree referred to as "the Committee").
5.(1) The Committee shall consist of the Chief Judge of the Sate as Chairman and the following other members, that is -
(a)the Attorney - General of the State;
(b)the Commissioner of Police of the State'
(c)the Chairman of the State branch of the Nigerian Bar Association; and
(d)the Sate Controller of Prison.
(2)The quorum of the Committee shall be 3 and subject thereto, the Committee shall regulate its own procedure.
6. The Committee shall be charged with the general supervision of all aspects of the administration of justice in the State and the effective performance of the functions of all organs charged with responsibility for the administration of justice in the State.
7.(1) The Commission shall establish and maintain a fund consisting of such moneys as may in each year be appropriated by the Federal Military Government for the purpose of the Commission.
(2)The Commission shall defray from the fund established pursuant to subsection (1) of this section for the purposes of the functions of the Commission and the State Committees established by this Decree, all moneys payable under or in pursuance of this Decree.
(3)The Chairman of the Commission shall be the accounting officer for the purpose of controlling and disbursing moneys from the fund established pursuant to this section.
8.(1) The Chairman of the Commission shall, before 30th September, in each year, cause to be prepared an estimate of the expenditure and income of Commission, the estimates shall be forwarded for approval by the Federal Military Government.
(2)The Commission shall keep proper accounts and proper records in relation thereto, under the direction and control of the Chairman.
(3)The accounts of the Commission shall be audited annually by an auditor appointed by the Commission from the list and in accordance with guidelines supplied by the Auditor General of the Federation.
9. The Commission shall prepare and submit to the President, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces not later than 31st day of December in each year, a report on the activities of the Commission during the immediately preceding year, and shall include in that report a copy of the audited accounts of the Commission for that year and the auditor's report thereon.
10. In this Decree, unless the context otherwise requires -
"Commission" means the Administration of Justice Commission established by section 1 of this Decree;
"Committee" means the Administration of Justice Committee established for each State of the Federation by section 4 of this Decree;
"functions" includes powers and duties.
11. This Decree may be cited as the Administration of Justice Commission Decree 1991.
1. the Commission may make standing orders regulating the proceedings of the Commission, State committees or any committee of the Commission.
2. The quorum of the Commission shall be three and the quorum of any committee of the Commission shall be determined by the Commission.
3. If at any time the office of the Chairman is vacant or the Chairman is in the opinion of the Commission temporarily or permanently unable to perform the functions of his office, the Attorney General of the Federation shall perform the functions of the Chairman under this Decree and references in this Schedule to the chairman shall be construed accordingly.
4.(1) Subject to the provisions of any applicable standing orders, the Commission shall meet whenever summoned by the Chairman; and if the Chairman is required so to do by notice given to him by not less than three other members, he shall summon a meeting of the Commission to be held within twenty one days from the date on which the notice is given.
(2)At any meeting of the Commission, the Chairman or, in his absence, the Attorney General of the Federation, shall preside at that meeting.
(3)Where the Commission wishes t obtain the advice of any person on a particular matter, the Commission may co-opt him as a member for such period as it thinks fit, but a person who is a member by virtue of this subparagraph shall not be entitled to vote at any meeting of the Commission and shall not count towards a quorum.
5.(1) The Commission may appoint one or more committees to carry out, on behalf of the Commission such of its functions as the Commission may determine.
(2)A committee appointed under this paragraph shall consist of such number of persons determined by the Commission and not more than one third of those persons may be persons who are not members of the Commission and a person, other than a member of the Commission, shall hold office in the committee in accordance with the terms of the letter by which he is appointed.
(3)A decision of a committee of the Commission shall be of no effect until it is confirmed by the Commission.
6. The fixing of the seal of the Commission shall be authenticated by the signature of the Chairman or of some other member authorised generally or specially by the Commission to act for that purpose by the Commission.
Made at Abuja this 27th day of December 1991
General I.B. Babangida
President, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces
Federal Republic of Nigeria